Clifford Jack McLennan - Lest We Forget

Clifford Jack McLennan was born July 25, 1897 at New Westminster, B.C, although the 1911 census claims he was born in 1900. His father was Jack McLennan who in 1916 was living at Fraser Mills, B.C. The 1911 census shows the rest of the family living in Revelstoke on Third Street. There was mother Bella McLennan who was born April 1872 in Ontario, sister Mabel born 1894 in B.C. and brother Harold born March 1896 in B.C. Harold worked as a CPR machinist.  Although the children were all claimed to be born in B.C. on the 1911 census, the B.C. Archives record of births does not register any of them as being born in B.C.  The B.C. Archives does note that Mabel Mary J. McLennan married David Orr at Revelstoke on December 25, 1912.  It also notes that Harold McLennan married Norah Marrs at Revelstoke on September 24, 1927. The B.C. Archives record of deaths notes that Mabel Mary Jesse Orr died in Victoria on January 6, 1957 at the age of 62.

Clifford Jack McLennan signed his enlistment papers March 13, 1916 at Vancouver. He was either 15 or 18 years old, single, 5’ 8” tall with brown hair and brown eyes. He gave his occupation as teamster. His religious affiliation was Anglican. At the time of his enlistment he was living on 61st Avenue, South Vancouver. He sailed from Halifax on the SS Olympic on November 14, 1916.

Clifford Jack McLennan died August 28, 1917, perhaps during the battle for Hill 70. He was either 17 or 20 years old. At the time of his death he was a Private with the 29th Battalion, Canadian Infantry (British Columbia) Regiment. He was presumed to have died while a prisoner of war at Feldlazarett Leforest. He is buried at the Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery, France.

The name of Clifford McLennan is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

Posted on September 22, 2017 .

Leo McKinnon - Lest We Forget

Leo McKinnon was born March 2, 1887 at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia. His brother, Hector McKinnon, was Revelstoke’s mayor for most of the war years.  Another brother, Joe, also lived here for many years, and with Hector, ran McKinnon’s Pool Hall on First Street. Leo gave his occupation as merchant on his attestation paper. He joined up with the Second Contingent of Canadian Volunteers to go overseas. He also had three sisters, who at the time of his death were living on the west coast.

Leo McKinnon signed his enlistment papers November 7, 1914 at Victoria. He was 27 years old, single, 5’ 3” tall with dark hair and dark eyes. His religious affiliation was Roman Catholic. After he reached the front in May of 1915 he sent home many letters which were printed in the local newspaper. He noted the names of the Revelstoke casualties, his experiences as a stretcher-bearer and the dangers of snipers and shelling. On one occasion shells burst around a party, of which he was one, while engaged in preparing tea. The tea was ruined, but all the party escaped. On another occasion a bullet ripped a sandbag he was carrying but he escaped injury. He said that he was trying to send off his diary if the officers would pass it. He also had some nerve-wracking experiences in no man’s land. He was eventually wounded at the battle of the Somme and spent some time in hospital in England. In January of 1917 he returned to action promoted from Sergeant to Lieutenant.

Leo McKinnon died on April 9, 1917 at Vimy Ridge, one of 12 Revelstoke soldiers who died in that battle. He was 30 years old. At the time of his death he was a Lieutenant with the 7th Battalion, Canadian Infantry (British Columbia) Regiment. He is buried at the Nine Elms Military Cemetery, France.

In May of 1917 Maple trees were planted around the courthouse in memory of all the Revelstoke men who had perished in the war. It was the sad duty of Leo’s brother, Mayor Hector McKinnon to officiate at this ceremony. He said these words: “It is but a small thing to plant some trees in honour of our boys, but it will show they are not forgotten and will in years to come serve to remind these children assembled here today what they owe to the brave lads who gave up splendid positions and loved ones and adopted the Maple Leaf as their badge, many of them to go down to their death, that we might live in safety. Let us not forget them but prepare in a substantial way to receive with open arms those who may be spared to return.”

The name of Leo McKinnon is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

Many family members still reside in Revelstoke.

Leo McKinnon on active service overseas during World War I

Leo McKinnon on active service overseas during World War I

William McInerny - Lest We Forget

William McInerny was born January 1, 1880 at Hampton, New Brunswick. By 1914 his father, F.J. McInerny lived at St. John, N.B. William McInerny worked as a railway conductor with the Canadian Pacific Railroad out of Revelstoke. His name appears on the 1914 Voters List as eligible to vote for School Trustee which means that he lived outside the city limits.

William McInerny was one of 25 men from Revelstoke to join the Second Contingent of volunteers for the war effort.  He signed his enlistment papers on November 9, 1914 at Victoria. His regimental number was 77535. He was 34 years old, single, 5’ 6” tall with a ruddy complexion, dark hair and grey eyes. His religious affiliation was Anglican. He had 3 years of military experience with the 102nd Rocky Mountain Rangers. He appears in a photograph of the Rocky Mountain Rangers taken outside of the drill hall in 1906 as well as in numerous local sports photographs. 

In March of 1915 he sent a letter to Allan McDonald (who also perished in the war) which was printed in the local newspaper. In it, he indicated that he had arrived safe and sound in Liverpool and noted that there were many wounded men in England, with more coming in all the time. He said, “The first Canadians are there now and got pretty badly chewed up. Remember me to Dan and the folks and all the rest of the boys in Revelstoke and write soon and tell me all the news. Yours, Wm. McInerny.”

William was reported wounded in May of 1915, perhaps at Festubert. William McInerny died on December 28, 1915, four days before his 36th birthday. At the time of his death he was a Private in the 15th Battalion, Canadian Infantry (Central Ontario) Regiment. He is buried at La Plus Douve Farm Cemetery, Belgium.

The Review of January 13, 1916 carried this item: “Wm. McInerny Killed in Action. William McInerny of the 15th battalion, “killed in action” is announced through the casualty lists. To many friends in Revelstoke this news will be received with genuine regret. “Billie” McInerny was a resident of this city for many years being employed on the CPR.

His name is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques as well as the YMCA Honor Roll.

World War I recruits in front of Revelstoke Drill Hall, circa 1914. William McInerny is in the second row, 2nd from the left. P53RMA

World War I recruits in front of Revelstoke Drill Hall, circa 1914. William McInerny is in the second row, 2nd from the left. P53RMA

James McGiven - Lest We Forget

James McGiven was born December 13, 1900, (according to family records) although he gave his year of birth as 1898 on his attestation papers. He was born at Broxburn, Scotland, the son of George and Georgina (McGregor) McGiven. He had a sister Agnes, born 1898, a sister Ross, born in 1901 and a brother George Jr. born in 1906. Two other children, Alex and Robert, died in infancy. The family came to Revelstoke in the fall of 1912. George Sr. was a carpenter and worked for the CPR as a foreman on the bridge and building gang. The McGiven family lived on Boyle Avenue near the Police Station, the corner of Boyle Avenue and Fourth Street West. James was employed by the CPR according to newspaper reports but listed Teamster on his attestation papers. In August 1915 James volunteered for bridge guard duty.

James’ sister Ross died suddenly on November 28, 1914, at the age of 13, most likely of a brain aneurysm. Agnes McGiven was very involved in the High School Girls Patriotic Society, and other patriotic societies in town. Mrs. McGiven was involved with the Red Cross and Hospital Societies. George attended Central School. In January of 1918 there was a fire at the McGiven home and the family then moved to 714 First Street West.

James McGiven signed his enlistment papers on January 8, 1917 at Revelstoke. He was either 16 or 18 years old, single, 5’ 11” tall with fair hair and brown eyes. His religious affiliation was Presbyterian. He had enlisted with the 231st Highlanders. He left Halifax on April 10, 1917, arriving in Liverpool on April 22.

James McGiven died on October 30, 1917 during the opening assault of the battle of Passchendaele. He was either 16 or 18 years old. At the time of his death he was a Private with the 72nd Battalion, Canadian Infantry (British Columbia) Regiment. His body was never found or identified and his name is memorialized on the Menin Gate (Ypres) Memorial.

His name is also inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

James McGiven still has famly members living in Revelstoke.  

Posted on August 16, 2017 .

Daniel William McDonald - Lest We Forget

Daniel William McDonald was born at Cape George, Antigonish, Nova Scotia on March 3, 1890. His parents were D.J. and Christina McDonald, also of Cape George. In 1914 he was working as a brakeman for the Canadian Pacific Railroad.

There is a possible mention of him in a letter sent back from the front by William McInerny in April 1915.: Letter from William McInerney from No. 4 Co., 30th Battalion, 2nd C.E.F., Shorncliffe Camp, Napier Barracks, Kent, England to Allan McDonald. Both men later perished in the war.

“Arrived safe and sound in Liverpool.  The first Canadians are there now and got pretty badly chewed up.  Remember me to Dan (Daniel McDonald?) and the folks and all the rest of the boys in Revelstoke and write soon and tell me all the news.  Yours, Wm. McInerney.”

Daniel William McDonald signed his enlistment papers October 20, 1915 at Vancouver. He was 25 years old, single, 5’ 11” tall with brown hair and grey eyes. His religious affiliation was Roman Catholic. He arrived in England on May 7, 1916 on the Empress of Britain, and was in the battlefield by June 19th, 1916.

Daniel William McDonald died October 8, 1916 in the battle of the Somme, perhaps during the attempts to take Regina Trench. He was 26 years old. At the time of his death he was a Private with the 16th Battalion, Canadian Infantry (Manitoba) Regiment. He is buried at the Adanac Military Cemetery, France. His name is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

Allan Daniel McDonald - Lest We Forget

Allan Daniel McDonald was born September 8, 1887 at Harbor Au Bouche, (Havre Boucher), Antigonish, Nova Scotia. His father was Rod A. McDonald of Pictou County, Nova Scotia. In 1915, Allan was working as a conductor for the Canadian Pacific Railroad. The 1911 census notes that he was working as a railway brakeman and lived at the King Edward Hotel. There is some confusion over whether Allan is a MacDonald or a McDonald. The recruiting officer wrote MacDonald for both Allan and his father, and that is how his name is listed in the Attestation form title. Allan’s signature itself appears to be McDonald.  He was referred to as either McDonald or MacDonald in the local newspaper. This may have been because it appears that the local paper had access to the attestation forms the recruits filled out.

A copy of a letter to Allan McDonald from William McInerney (who also perished in the war) was printed in the local newspaper April 3, 1915:

“Arrived safe and sound in Liverpool… The first Canadians are there now (at the front in Ypres) and got pretty badly chewed up. Remember me to Dan (perhaps Daniel William McDonald?) and the folks and all the rest of the boys in Revelstoke and write soon and tell me all the news. Yours, Wm. McInerney.”

Allan McDonald was a member of the 102nd RMR Militia prior to the war. He signed his enlistment papers on September 8, 1915 at Vancouver. His regimental number was 129837. He was 5’9” and had blue eyes and fair hair. He had joined the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders. He was 28 years old. His religious affiliation was Roman Catholic. The September 29, 1915 edition of the local newspaper noted that he was one of a number of recruits who marched off to the train depot where a large crowd had gathered to say their farewell. The December 29, 1915 edition notes that Allan MacDonald was one of a number of 72nd Battalion soldiers who had returned to the city for Christmas. He was in Revelstoke again in April of 1916. He left Halifax on the Empress on Britain on April 23, 1916, arriving in Liverpool on May 7. After serving in the battlefields for more than a year, at the rank of private, he contracted trench fever. He was hospitalized in a Canadian Convalescent Hospital in Berkshire, England, between July and October 1917, after which he was discharged and sent to Canada.

Allan Daniel McDonald (or MacDonald) died November 10, 1918 here in Revelstoke, as a returned soldier. He was a returned soldier, sent back because of “Trench Fever.”  He was 31 years old. He died of pneumonia, as is listed among the local casualties of the  Spanish Flu epidemic. His weakened condition because of his trench fever was most likely a contributing factor in his death. His name is not listed on the Canadian War Memorial Site, but he is memorialized on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques, as McDonald, Allan D.

The funeral for Allan McDonald (or MacDonald) was held on November 11, 1918, the day the war ended, at St. Francis of Assisi Church, officiated by Rev. Father McKenzie. The celebratory armistice parade was delayed until after the funeral cortege had taken his body down Mackenzie Avenue to the CPR station for transport to his family at Lourdes, Nova Scotia.

The Armistice Parade to mark the end of the war on November 11, 1918 was delayed in Revelstoke to allow for the body of Allan McDonald to be conveyed to the CPR station after his funeral that morning.

The Armistice Parade to mark the end of the war on November 11, 1918 was delayed in Revelstoke to allow for the body of Allan McDonald to be conveyed to the CPR station after his funeral that morning.

Douglas Sherwood McCarter - Lest We Forget

Douglas McCarter was born March 8, 1895 at Calgary, Alberta. He was the son of George McCarter, a barrister, lawyer, and land speculator who was prominent in the early history of Revelstoke. George was born March of 1867 in Ontario.  Douglas’s mother Katie was born in July 1876 also in Ontario. A brother Arnold was born in April of 1896 in Calgary, and a sister Doris was born in October 1898 presumably also in Calgary. By 1899, the McCarter family was living in Revelstoke and had moved into a new home at 600 Mackenzie Avenue. In the summer of 1914 Douglas worked for a survey crew. In September he left Revelstoke to attend Trinity College, Toronto.

Douglas McCarter signed his enlistment papers March 12, 1917 at Calgary. He apparently enlisted as an officer as he was not given a regimental number which is the common practice. Douglas was 22 years old, single, and gave his occupation as student. His religious affiliation was Anglican. He sailed out of Halifax on the HMS Northland on April 16, 1917, arriving at Liverpool on April 29, 1917. Douglas’s younger brother, George Arnold McCarter had been attending Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, and he joined up in February of 1916 as a Lieutenant. Arnold continued his military career, and during World War II, he rose to the rank of Brigadier. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1945.

The Revelstoke Review of April 4, 1918 carried this item on the McCarter brothers:

“Capt. Arnold McCarter Wounded. He is in Rouen Hospital, suffering from wounds in hip and foot. His brother, Douglas, is recommended for decoration.

            “Considerable interest was manifested last Saturday in the fate of Douglas and Arnold McCarter, two former Revelstoke boys, owing to some dispatches stating that two batteries of artillery, of which they were thought to be attached, were missing, doubt being expressed as to whether they had been blown to pieces or captured. It has since been learned that Arnold, who is captain of a brigade, is in Rouen hospital, suffering from a gunshot wound in the hip and foot.

            “Douglas McCarter was changed some time ago from the 33rd Battalion to the 9th RCHA Brigade. It is reported that the whole of this brigade, with the exception of Douglas, was lost, and that he had, single-handed, kept the gun firing all night, for which he has been recommended for decoration and given charge of a section.

            “Both Douglas and Arnold spent the greater part of their lives in Revelstoke, and were respected and esteemed by all, the former being a graduate of Toronto University and the latter of the Kingston Military College.”

Douglas McCarter died September 27, 1918. He was 23 years old. At the time of his death he was a Lieutenant with the 9th Battalion, Canadian Field Artillery. He is buried at the Bourlon Wood Cemetery, France.

The name of Douglas McCarter is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques as well as on the Chancel Screen of St. Peter’s Anglican Church.

Revelstoke YMCA class, circa 1909. George Arnold McCarter is on the top row, 3rd from left; Douglas McCarter is on the next row down, 2nd from left.

Revelstoke YMCA class, circa 1909. George Arnold McCarter is on the top row, 3rd from left; Douglas McCarter is on the next row down, 2nd from left.

Herbert William Hare Marshall - Lest We Forget

Herbert William Hare Marshall was born August 19, 1889 or 1890 at Moussarie, India. His exact date of birth cannot be confirmed. He was the son of Colonel H.B. Marshall of the Punjab Army, and of Charlotte Trotter Marshall, both born in England. By 1914 Colonel Marshall was deceased and Mrs. Marshall, Herbert, and his sister Charlotte Bird Marshall, were living in Revelstoke where Herbert worked as a bank clerk with the Imperial Bank. They were living in a residence on Mackenzie Avenue. Herbert was a friend of Erland Hadow, a land surveyor with a business in Revelstoke. Erland married Mr. Marshall’s sister Charlotte on December 26, 1914. He too perished in the war.

Herbert Marshall signed his enlistment papers on November 9, 1914 at Vancouver. His regimental number was 117036. He was 24 or 25 years old, single, 5’ 8” tall with black hair and brown eyes. His religious affiliation was Anglican. In April 1915 he joined the 15th Alberta Horse. He was promoted to lieutenant in September of 1915. Later in England he was discharged from the Canadian Expeditionary Force and transferred to the British Army, where he was given a commission in the 17th West Yorkshires, and saw active service with them in France.  In July 1916, he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. In July of 1915, Herbert’s mother and his sister, Mrs. Hadow, arrived in England. They had booked passage on the Lusitania but fortunately had canceled their booking. On that voyage the Lusitania was torpedoed by a German submarine.

The local newspaper of February 17, 1917 carried an engagement announcement of Herbert William Hare Marshall, Royal Flying Corps, only son of the late Col. Herbert B. Marshall and Mrs. Marshall of Revelstoke, B.C., to Evelyn Margaret, fourth daughter of the late Mr. John Orr-Ewing and Mrs. Orr-Ewing of Weston-super-Mare. They were married on May 12, 1917.

Herbert William Hare Marshall died on August 26, 1917 in a flying accident in Lincolnshire, England. He was 27 or 28 years old. At the time of his death he was a Lieutenant with the Royal Flying Corps Air Force. He is buried at Weston-super-Mare Cemetery, Somerset, England. His name is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques as well as the Chancel Screen at St. Peter’s Anglican Church and the Honor Roll of the YMCA.

Mrs. Marshall and Mrs. Hadow (Herbert’s sister) returned to Revelstoke for a short time and then moved to Oak Bay on Vancouver Island.

During the campaign to erect a Cenotaph in Revelstoke after the war, Mrs. Marshall and Mrs. Hadow declined to contribute stating that there were many disabled men and orphaned children that needed the money raised. They did however end their letter expressing best wishes to the ladies of the Women’s Auxiliary to the Great War Veterans Association, many of whom were probably friends of theirs.

John Henry Maley - Lest We Forget

John (Jack) Maley was born November 7, 1895 at Montreal, Quebec. He was the son of Job and Edith Maley who lived on the Big Bend Road north of Revelstoke. Job Maley was born October 25, 1869 in England. Edith Maley was born August 4, 1871 in England. John had twin brothers, Leonard and Thomas, born March 1898 on the Big Bend Trail as it was called in the BC Archives. The family operated a florist business in the area around where the Fellowship Baptist Church is located. Edith Maley died at Revelstoke in 1932 at the age of 61. Job Maley died at Revelstoke in 1957 at the age of 88. Leonard died in Vernon in 1984 at the age of 85. Thomas also volunteered to serve in the war and because of his short stature (5’3”) became a member of the “Bantams,” a battalion made up of soldiers under 5’5”.

John Maley is noted in the local school district records as having attended the Revelstoke High School in 1911. He was also active in the Cricket Club and his name is on their Honor Roll. Leonard and Thomas were very active in the early skiing community in Revelstoke. They participated in the early ski races winning the long distance and ski jumping prizes in 1915 and 1916. An item in the May 28, 1915 edition of the Review is an example of their skiing exploits:

“On the Empire Day weekend some residents were picking strawberries from their gardens while others were one mile above town on Mount Revelstoke enjoying skiing and ski jumping on 3” of snow. Nels Nelsen won the “A” Jump with 102’. T. Maley won the “B” Jump with L. Maley placing third.”

John (Jack) Maley signed his enlistment papers on August 16, 1915 at Vernon. He was one of around 100 men from Revelstoke to enlist with the 54th Battalion in the spring and summer of 1915. His regimental number was 443729. He arrived in England on December 2, 1915 on the S.S. Saxonia. He was 19 years old, single, 5’ 6” tall with brown hair and grey eyes. His occupation was teamster, as he drove the delivery cart for his father’s florist business. He said his religious affiliation was Presbyterian. His mother and family must have been Anglican as his name is inscribed on the Memorial Chancel Screen in St. Peter’s Anglican Church.

John Maley died April 18, 1918 during the last German offensive of the war. He was 22 years old. At the time of his death he was a driver serving with the 8th Field Company, Canadian Engineers. He is buried at the Aix-Noulette Communal Cemetery Extension, France. The family recently donated to the Museum a unique photograph of the original gravesite prior to its removal to a Commonwealth War Cemetery. The Museum also has cards and letters written home by John to his family.

The name of John Maley is inscribed on the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

John Maley with horses during World War I. Revelstoke Museum & Archives photo P4607

John Maley with horses during World War I. Revelstoke Museum & Archives photo P4607

Original grave of Driver John Henry Maley. Revelstoke Museum & Archives photo P4606

Original grave of Driver John Henry Maley. Revelstoke Museum & Archives photo P4606

Posted on March 24, 2017 .

Thomas Arthur Lewis - Lest We Forget

Thomas Arthur Lewis was born August 22, 1872 at Shropshire, England. He was the son of Thomas Lewis, born 1846 and Mary Lewis born 1843 in Wales. The Lewis family, consisting of Thomas and Mary and their eight children, arrived in Revelstoke around 1890 and started a dairy farm south of town.

Thomas Lewis signed his enlistment papers March 24, 1915 at Vancouver. His regimental number was 116236. His occupation was rancher. He was 42 years old, single, 5’ 10” tall with iron-grey hair and brown eyes. His religious affiliation at the time was Roman Catholic. His family was staunch Presbyterian, but Thomas had recently converted to Catholicism, following the example of his sister Susan, who had become a Catholic when she married local baker Alex Hobson.

The Revelstoke Museum and Archives has a copy of the Lewis family history in which Thomas’ letters home are reproduced. He is exceptionally literate and related very moving accounts of his life at the front. Because of his age and demeanor, he was looked upon as a father figure by the young men beside him and was a comforting, stabilizing influence upon them when under fire.

Thomas Lewis died August 21, 1917 during the battle for Hill 70. He was one day shy of his 45th birthday. At the time of his death he was a Private with the 29th Battalion, Canadian Infantry (British Columbia) Regiment. His body was never found or identified and his name is memorialized on the Vimy Memorial. His name is on both the Courthouse and Cenotaph plaques.

The Revelstoke Review had this account of his death:

“Pte. Lewis was born in Wales Aug. 22nd, 1872, and came to Revelstoke some 28 years ago, and since that time Tom has been a familiar figure on the streets of Revelstoke. In his untimely death we have lost one of our earliest and best citizens.

 “The Boer war found Tom enlisted with the Strathcona Horse…When the war broke out in 1914 Tom was at home with his parents. Now growing old they needed the support of his strong arm in their declining years, but among the conflicting calls of duty his patriotic spirit saw the “Call of the Empire” above all others, and March 1915 found him enlisted with the 11th CMR’s bound with heart of hope to strike his best and to give his all if necessary for the cause of Freedom and Democracy, Truth and Right…Always a tower of moral strength among his fellows, his sterling worth shone out in times of stress…A noble patriot, a good son, a loving brother, a true friend and a worthy citizen is gone from our midst; yet the memory of just such faithfulness to duty, such heroism, such self-sacrifice as his will steel the rising generation to future greatness in well doing.

 “To the aged and lonely parents, and sorrow-stricken relatives of our respected townsman goes out the deepest sympathy of many old-time friends and though mourning with them in this time of universal grief, yet we envy them the richness of their gift to their country.”

A sad conclusion to his story is the fact that his father, Thomas Lewis Sr., died on November 1, 1917, at the age of 70,  just two and a half months after the death of Thomas Jr. His mother, Mary Lewis, died soon afterwards, on July 5, 1918, at the age of 75.

Posted on February 22, 2017 .